An attempt is a crime of concrete intent. It requires the intent to commit an offence to which Section 1(4) Criminal Attempts Act 1981 applies. Section 1A (inserted by the Criminal Justice (Terrorism and Conspiracy) Act 1998, s5) prohibits conspiracies, part of which took place in England and Wales, to commit an act or events of another event outside the United Kingdom, which constitutes a criminal offence under the law in that country or territory. Many conditions apply, including the fact that prosecutions must be approved by the Attorney General. In summary, although conspiracy is a complex crime, the common denominator is that criminal conspiracies require agreements, intent to accept, intent to achieve an illegal purpose and, as a general rule, require at least one unwavering act to promote conspiracy. Even if it is not possible to commit the entire offence because the actual basis does not exist, if the facts had been as the defendant believed them, they may be charged with attempting to commit the offence in question (cf. R/Shivpuri [1986] 2 All ER 334). Most jurisdictions require an illegal object for it to be a crime of conspiracy. However, some states are conspiring to engage in legal activities that involve participating in behaviours that would harm public health. [14] An example of this would be a conspiracy to do loan business. Although borrowing money at high interest rates is not a legal criminal act, the operation of a credit hedge can be considered detrimental to public health. Thus, in some legal systems, the planning of this project could be considered a crime of conspiracy.

A conspiracy is an agreement in which two or more people agree to enforce their criminal system, the agreement is precisely the criminal act itself: Mulcahy v. The Queen (1868) L.R. 3 H.L. 306; R v Warburton (1870) L.R. 1 C.C.R. 274; A. v. Tibbits and Windust [1902] 1 K.B.

77 with 89; A. v. Meyrick and Ribuffi, 21 Cr.App.R. 94, CCA. However, in the case of serious turnover fraud, it may be appropriate to charge the alleged perpetrators of a conspiracy to confiscate the proceeds (for which the maximum penalty is total) rather than a conspiracy to commit individual offences under the Fraud Act 2006 (Dosanjh [2014] 1 WLR 1780).